Type of Finishing Effect for Business Card

Type of Finishing Effect for Business Card

Emboss / Deboss (Images)

Embossing is typically accomplished by applying heat and pressure with male and female dies, usually made of copper or brass, that fit together and squeeze the fibers of the substrate. The combination of pressure and heat raises the level of the image higher than the substrate, while "ironing" it to make it smooth. In printing this is accomplished on a letterpress. The most common machines are the Kluge Letterpress and the Heidelberg Letterpress.

"Debossing" is similar to embossing, but recesses the design rather than raising it.

Most types of paper can be embossed, and size is not normally a consideration. Embossing without ink, so that the image is raised but not colored, is called "blind embossing." Embossing used in conjunction with ink, so that the raised area is colored, is called "color register embossing." Embossing used in conjunction with foil stamping is called "combination stamping" or "combo stamping."

Embossing involves a separate stage in the production process, after any varnishing and laminating. It requires a separate press run, and is priced accordingly. In addition to being used as a design element, embossing can be used to improve the performance of paper products like napkins, diapers, and tissue paper.

(Via Wikipedia)

Lamination (Images)

Laminating offers the best protection of all methods, yielding an exveptionally strong surface that repels moisture that can even be washed. the process involves adhering a layer of polyester, polypropylene, or nylon film to one or both sides of the printed sheet. Laminates are available in thicknesses from 0.0251mm to 0.251mm in both appropriate for book covers and packaging, whereas, thicker films are better suited for menus, displays and name tags. Laminating costs more than varnishies and liquid coatings, with the exception of UV matte.

Lamination are available in : Glossy & Matte

Varnish (Images)

Varnishes and other liquid coatings are applied to protect the inked surface of a piece or to enhance a design, either by dulling or applying a glossy finish to the surface. A range of protection and aesthetic possibilities exists, with each type of coating offering its own set of advantages. As a general rule, varnishes and liquid coatings work best on coated papers. They tend to be absorbed into uncoated papers, creating a mottled appearance.

Coatings also need to be compatible with the type of ink used. Metallics, and other pigments as well as other ingredients in the ink may present a problem. Be sure to let your printer know what type of coating or laminate will be used to ensure that a compatible ink is used for the product.

Spot Varnish (Images)

A clear coating is applied on press or in line, just as another link would be to isolated areas on a piee. Spot varnish cost no more than another ink color would cost. Spot varnish comes in glossy or dull finishes and can also be lightly tinted with other inks. Spot gloss varnish is often used to enhance photographs and other imagery by giving them a high sheen and richness similar to effect achieved with the high-gloss paper used for photographic prints. In contrast, dull varnish is often applied only to area of text on a glossy, coated paper to prevent glare and make photographs and other imagery stand out. It offers little protection against scuffing, dirt and spills, but some protection against fingerprint. Spot varnish can also prevent flaking and rub-off when applied to metallic inks.

Ultraviolet or UV Coating or Aqueous Coated (Images)

An ultraviolet light-cured process that involves a plastic liquid, ultraviolet coatings offers more protection and a higher degree of gloss than aqueous coating. Some printers can apply ultraviolet coating in line, but it is most often applied as a separate operation, often by screen printing as either a flood or spot varnish or applied with a roller unit as a flood varnish. The roller-applied process is more economical for long runs, whereas, screen printing is most cost-effective for short runs. When applying UV coatings, use wax-free inks. Although UV coating is available in a dull finish, it is more expensive than gloss. The durable finish of ultraviolet coating is mot often used on pocket folders, book covers and table tents. Because its hard plastic surface may crack at fold lines, care should be taken when scoring and folding UV-coated pieces.

Remark: UV cannot apply on any typeface that is lower than 6pts or strokes / lines that is thinner than 0.18mm.

Hot Stamp / Foil Stamp (Images)

Paper is stamped with a hot die that presses a thin plastic film carrying colored pigment against the paper. Plastic film comes in more than two hundred colors, including pearlized effects and metallics, as well as clear foil stamps that mimic the look of a varnish. Because the process can render a completely opaque image, foil stamping is often used to paper that can withstand heat, foil stamping is also suitable for pens and pencils, cloth book covers, vinyl binders, toys, and other non-paper applications. When foil stamping is combined with embossing, it's called foil embossing. The process involves applying foil first and then the emboss.

Round Corner (Images)

All sharp edge will be shaved round. Commonly a round corner is around 3 - 5mm (Radius) but by a round corner cutter and anything other size is consider die-cut because it required a customized cutting mould.

Die-cut (Images)

The process includes making cuts in a printed sheet in a configuration that will allow it to be used or assembled into a functional piece, such as a door hanger, pocket folder, or carton. Die-cutting also includes cuts that enhance a piece's design appeal, such as die-cutting a holiday greeting card in the shape of a Christmas tree. Dies are typically made from bending metal strips with a sharpened edge into the desired shape and mounting them onto a metal strips, called rules, are higher than the wooden backing, creating a cutting edge that works much like a cookie cutter. Printers often keep a supply of standard dies for common items such as pocket folders and table tents. Cutting labels and decals from printed paper, but not its backing, called kiss die cutting. Sheets printed this way allow the label or decal to be peeled away from the backing.

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